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Reforming Financial Institutions And Markets In The United States
This volume focuses on constructing a safer and more efficient financial system based on the lessons learned from the financial debacles of the 1980s. The first essay discusses the economic and political forces both propelling and opposing widespread banking reform. The next two essays describe the intellectual history of the deposit insurance reform provisions of FDICIA, arguably the most important banking legislation since the Banking Act of 1933, discuss the weaknesses and strengths of these provisions and make recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the reforms. Theoretical and empirical evidence is then summarized and evaluated with respect to the costs and benefits of regulators granting forbearance to economically insolvent institutions. An analysis is given of the whys and hows of privatizing federal deposit insurance in case the reforms in FDICIA prove ineffective. An examination follows of the causes and consequences of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) debacle of the early 1990s and the implications for the supervision of foreign banks in the United States and elsewhere. Next the broader issue is discussed of whether U.S. financial markets affect the behavior of U.
S. corporate managers, particularly whether they encourage managerial myopia. Without concluding whether such myopia exists, policy options are examined that would make financial markets more conducive to longer-term planning, including permitting banks to invest in corporate equity and thus monitor firms as owners as well as creditors.
Create value while you manage risk
Today's increasingly volatile financial markets have caused an explosion of new financial instruments designed to transfer risk--from collateralized mortgage-backed securities to swaptions that trade directly between financial actors. And now these complex financial instruments have become standard operating procedure at most large and mid-sized businesses. Managers overseeing any substantial business, financial or non-financial, must thoroughly understand these financial instruments and their value in hedging and diversifying to succeed.
With this unique casebook, you'll have the opportunity to gain the analytical, institutional, and functional knowledge you need to use these instruments to solve new problems. Featuring cases from the authors' MBA and Executive Education level courses at Harvard Business School, the book covers the basics of financial instruments, from terminology to pricing, and the markets in which these instruments trade. Throughout, the emphasis is on how these securities accomplish risk transfer from actors who do not want risk to those who are willing to take it on--for a fee of course.
These cases include:
* Deutsche Bank: Finding Relative Value Trades
* Ticonderoga Capital: Inverse Floating Rate Bonds
* 100-Year Liabilities at Prudential Insurance
* Swedish Lottery Bonds
* The Enron Odyssey: The Special Purpose of SPEs
* Building Hedge Funds at Prospero Capital
* Dell Computer Corporation: Share Repurchase Program
* First American Bank: Credit Default Swaps
* Morgan Stanley and TRAC-X: The Battle for the CDS Indexes Market
* and more
Financial Reporting And Global Capital Markets
Standardization and harmonization of accounting practices is a fundamental element of a global business environment. Achieving this is a complex process that involves technical and political negotiation. The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) was the organization that pioneered this process on a world-wide basis.
The IASC prepared the way for the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and its International Financial Reporting Standards, which since 2005 have held the dominant influence over the financial reporting of thousands of listed companies in the European Union, as well as in many other countries.
The forces and influences that shaped the formation of the IASB were intimately connected with the historical organization and operation of its predecessor, the IASC, and so to understand the standards enforced in financial reporting today, a historical understanding of the IASC is required. Financial Reporting and Global Capital Markets does just this. It examines the history of the IASC from 1973 to 2000, including its foundation, operation, changing membership and leadership, achievements and setbacks, the development of its standards, and its restructuring leading up to the creation of the IASB in 2001.
The book also studies the impact of the IASC's standards on national standard setting and on accounting practice in developed and developing countries, as well as the impact on the IASC of the policies and positions of the UN, the OECD, the US Securities and Exchange Commission, the International Organization of Securities Commissions, and the European Commission. It will be of vital interest to all concerned with accounting developments in a global environment, be they academics, policy-makers, or professionals.
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